Gingivitis is another term for gum inflammation, usually related to the accumulation of dental plaque (bacteria) around the gingival area. In general, gingivitis is painless but also progressive. It is the most frequently seen periodontal disease. Other types of gingivitis can occur in specific contexts.
Hypertrophic gingivitis is caused by the intake of certain drugs (for example, certain antiepileptic families), and is manifested by a large increase in the volume of the gum. Localized hypertrophic gingivitis, or pregnancy gingivitis, is linked to hormonal variations in pregnant women. This type of gingivitis is manifested by a pseudotumor that is benign, inflammatory, red at the base of one or more teeth, and bleeds very easily.
Ulcerative-necrotic gingivitis is caused by a serious illness or by stress, it is marked by a bleeding gingiva and acute pains. An Austin Dentist will explain treatment options.
Besides the scale located on teeth and gums, the factors favoring the onset of gingivitis are misaligned teeth or mismatched crowns, poor oral hygiene, a deficiency in vitamin C, stress, and tobacco use. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can also cause gingivitis. Some medications, such as antidepressants and anti-epileptics, can cause gingivitis.
Simple gingivitis, also known as chronic gingivitis, is associated with tartar build-up and is characterized by the following symptoms: bright red and swollen gums, bleeding gums (especially when brushing or eating certain foods), and bad breath. An Austin Dentist should be consulted if you experience any of these problems.
Treatment is based on regular scaling (every four to six months for patients who are recurrent) and the application of adapted oral hygiene rules.
Untreated, simple gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, a chronic condition that can lead to tooth loss. In the periodontal stage or in the event of aggravation, several specific treatments may be offered, including subgingival irrigations, radicular surfacing, and antibiotic therapy. Contact Dr. David Frank for more details.Website URL: